Syria is right in between Lebanon and Turkey, bordering the mediterranean sea in the middle east. The geographic coordinates are 35 00 N and 38 00 E. There is 185,180 square kilometers of land and 1,550 square kilometers of water. the surrounding countries are Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 Km. The climate changes with season from June to August Syria is hot and dry and from December to February there is cold snowy weather. 24.9 percent of land is Arable. Only 5.96 percent of crops survive. Syria was formerly part of the United Arab Republic. Syria’s capital is Damascus. Syria gained its independence on april 17, 1946. Syria has a mixed legal system. Syria’s president at this moment is Bashar al-ASAD, the vice president is Najah al-ATTAR the prime minister is Wael al-HALQI, and the deputy prime ministers are Fahd Jasim al-FURAYJ, Lt. Gen. Walid al-MUALEM. In 2013 the labor force consisted of 5.014 million. 17 percent of people worked in agriculture, 16 percent of people worked in industry, and 67 percent worked in services. The unemployment rate was 17.8 percent. There was a 7.9 percent GPA in taxes and other revenues. There was a 8 percent GPD budget deficit. The debt 58.9 percent of GPD. Syrian exports are crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat. Syrian imports are machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper. Syria has over seventeen million people living in it. The population mostly consists of arabs at a 90.3 percent of the population but there is also kurds and armenians together at 9.7 percent. The official language is arabic. The official religion is Is Islam at 87 percent but 10 percent of the population is christian. The population growth rate is -9.7 percent, the birth rate is 22.76/1000, the death rate is 6.71/1000, and the average life expectancy is around 68 years.
ISIS has been fighting for their religion for over seven years in 2006 they merged with Al Qaeda which was created in 1999. This year Al Qaeda separated from ISIS because they said that ISIS was too harsh. Because of the violence brought on by ISIS people are leaving Syria and moving Into refugee camps. Refugees are a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. In Turkey alone there are over one-hundred-fifty thousand refugees from Syria. Most refugee camps are already overpopulated. Most refugee camps also are unclean, lack edible food, lack funds, lack clean water, lack electricity, don’t usually have qualified health clinics, and don’t have protection from abuse by the outside world. NGO’s and US humanitarian aid for the most part are the ones helping Syrian refugees. Organizations like the WFP, the UNICEF, thr UNRWA, the UNFPA, and the IOM
Past U.N. Actions
On December 16, 2013, the United Nations donated 6.5 billion dollar’s for the suffering general public of Syria. This money went towards food, water, medical care, and shelter. Education is now becoming a problem in Syria because children are constantly dropping out of school to join refugee camps because of ISIS. Many organizations realize that the children are being traumatized by the violence caused by ISIS. These organizations are going to try to provide counseling to those who need it. 9.3 million people need humanitarian help in syria. So far 4.2 million people have been aided by humanitarians. At this time 18 percent of the population in lebanon consists of syrian refugees. There are also 50,000 palestinians living in refugee camps in Lebanon. Even before the syrians came to Lebanon the refugee camps were overpopulated but with a little help from UNRWA condition in senegal are improving. The refugee camps are still overpopulated in Lebanon in fact Lebanon has stopped taking in refugees because of this. The UN and international partners are adding funds to those already given to the suffering Syrians. Jordan has 30,000 refugees from Syria. Jordan isn't doing much for education instead they are trying to let the youth learn how to work rather than learning how to speak, write and other subjects that correspond with school. Jordan is also only providing minimal funding for these refugee camps. The US supports a “ Back To School” initiative. Since then 78 percent of refugee children are eligible to attend public schools. The UNRWA is trying to help the 11,000 refugees from Palestine at this time. Turkey has the largest amount of syrian refugees. The UNHCR is providing tents, blankets, and kitchen sets to vulnerable refugees.UNICEF is helping provide safe education and recreation spaces, teacher training, educational materials, and support-activities for trauma-affected children. Iraq has provided 3,000 square miles of land for the establishment of 11 camp and transit sites just for the refugees from Syria.Egypt is trying to let the refugees join the economy by letting them stay with families in their home.
Your countries policy
Senegal isn’t really involved with the problem with Syria because they have their own problem at this moment. In the past Senegal has tried a project in which they had a hospital with trained medical professionals and they would give free medicine to those who need it. Today on the other hand the people of Senegal do nothing to help their own refugee camps. The outbreak of Ebola is kind of just taking up their time effort and money. This forces them to temporarily ignore the problem with refugee camps and refugee abuse.
There is always the possibility of asking more countries to help the refugees in syria and give them land. Much of the UN is donating money to the refugee camps to help with the living necessities. Like I said above we could try the “Back TO School” initiative in more refugee camps so that more children can get the education they need because many countries neglect that issue when it comes to refugees. we could try what egypt is doing which is letting refugees live with families that are willing to have them. This let’s the refugees fit in with society, it also gives them a better chance of finding a job, and it helps children learn from the family that is hosting them.